CIPRNet CIP glossary

Critical Infrastructure

The European Council Directive 2008/114/EC defines: ‘Critical infrastructure’ (CI) means an asset, system or part thereof located in Member States which is essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions, health, safety, security, economic..

..or social well-being of people, and the disruption or destruction of which would have a significant impact in a Member State as a result of the failure to maintain those functions [EU2008]. Confer also ECI.

According to ([EU2008], Annex I), the CI at EU level are:

I Energy
1. Electricity
Infrastructures and facilities for generation and transmission of electricity in respect of supply electricity
2. Oil
Oil production, refining, treatment, storage and transmission by pipelines
3. Gas
Gas production, refining, treatment, storage and transmission by pipelines, LNG terminals
II Transport 4. Road transport
5. Rail transport
6. Air transport
7. Inland waterways transport
8. Ocean and short-sea shipping and ports

At the more local level, more CI services and products are recognised [Luiijf2005], for instance sewage, garbage collection.